It's a day of both pride and pain: there’s so much to celebrate about Australia – but for many, 'Australia Day' is a difficult day.

The conversation about Australia Day can get fired up, divisive and accusatory. But the further apart we become, the less likely we are to reach a positive outcome. Now, more than ever, it’s important that we listen to one another, that we're informed about the facts, and that we seek to find a shared identity that includes all people who call Australia home, whether their ancestry reaches back tens of thousands of years, a hundred years or they’ve just arrived.

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Are you a teacher?

This Teacher Guide can help you plan a lesson about Australia Day

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10 things you can do on January 26

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Here's the full history of Australia Day.

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We’ve created the Pride and Pain timeline to help you sort through the confusion and discover the truth about the history of our nation.