It's a day of both pride and pain: there’s so much to celebrate about Australia – but for many, “Australia Day” is a difficult day.

The conversation about Australia Day can get fired up, divisive and accusatory. But the further apart we get - the less likely we are to reach an outcome. Now, more than ever, it’s important that we listen to one another, that we're informed about the facts, and that we seek to find a shared identity that includes all Australians, whether their ancestry reaches back tens of thousands of years, a hundred years, or they’ve just arrived.

We’ve created the Pride and Pain timeline to help you sort through the confusion and discover the truth about the history of our country.

10 things you can do on January 26

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Here's the full history about Australia Day.

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