You’ve probably heard some statistics about Indigenous disadvantage in Australia. Maybe you’ve even heard personal stories of pain and injustice. You probably wish someone would do something about it. But at the end of the day, it’s just not your problem… or is it?
Right and wrong
There’s an injustice in our nation that originated with the beginning of British colonisation and is ongoing today. For over 200 years, this injustice has inflicted pain and suffering. It’s not just an issue for Indigenous people. It concerns every person living in Australia. It matters because it’s an issue of justice, of right and wrong. As human beings, this should concern us. The fact is, something’s wrong and you can be part of making it right.
We’re all connected
Did you know there are over 24 million people living in Australia? Although we don’t personally know each other, we’re all connected by our shared government, economy and the land we live on. We’re connected by the TV programs that air on our networks, the songs that play on our radio stations, the sports we follow and the national public holidays we celebrate and our education system.
We’re also connected by the fact that as Australians we have a reputation for the second highest quality of life anywhere in the world1. We enjoy much of this prosperity today because of historic events that got us to this point. It’s a history of courage and perseverance… but also of violent dispossession, exploitation and abuse. In this way, our current lives are inextricably connected to the pain of the past and its present fallout - the disparity between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people across every social indicator.
It’s a situation at odds with our national values, the things that make us proud to be Australian. This is our problem, and whether we feel like we’re part of it or not, it actually has everything to do with us.
What has this got to do with me?
Australian society is increasingly multicultural and yet many people living in Australia are still connected by a common culture. People born into this mainstream culture are fortunate to have it reinforced on a daily basis - in the media, education system, legal system, English language and the faces of our parliament.
This means a member of Australia’s mainstream culture can expect to feel comfortable, accepted and affirmed in most social situations. It might not seem like a big deal, but this is actually a huge advantage! It translates into other benefits - such as better chances of accessing education and employment and avoiding encounters with the criminal justice system.
No one’s fault
People born into mainstream culture didn’t ask for these advantages. In fact, most aren’t even aware of them! After all, being part of the mainstream doesn’t automatically mean we don’t experience other forms of hardship or disadvantage. But due to factors that we have no control over, we live in a society that structurally marginalises some people and holds them back, while allowing others a head start. 
The fact that our society operates in this way is no one’s fault today. We all inherited this system, which has been passed down from the beginning of colonisation.
Good people in a flawed system
Over 200 years, our society and systems (legal, education, political, health etc.) have evolved to be less blatantly discriminatory. In fact, modern Australia openly celebrates and promotes the multicultural nature of our society. These advancements are worth celebrating!
But it’s also important to understand that discrimination isn’t just the result of overtly racist policies or actions. It’s possible to have a proudly multicultural society and yet retain systems that subtly discriminate against minorities. Unfortunately, these systems are reinforced daily by the mundane behaviour of decent, moral, well-intentioned people.
For example, when we believe the stereotypes promoted by the media or accept the mainstream version of history without considering another perspective we reinforce a society that favours the mainstream Anglo culture and either ignores or actively excludes minority cultures. The way we think and act in our everyday lives, from listening to the news and chatting with family to supermarket shopping, has a profound effect on others.
It follows that our attitudes matter. Something as simple (and as challenging) as examining our own thoughts and attitudes can help make a difference to injustice in our nation.
Want to be part of the solution?
No one today is responsible for the pain resulting from our shared past. But the fact remains that a grave injustice remains unresolved. The good news is that we all have the opportunity to become part of making things right. It starts with understanding that we’re all connected and recognising that we each have a part to play in creating a better future. Are you ready to consider your part in the story?
- 1. United Nations Human Development Report 2016, pg. 199, Table 1: Human Development Index (online), Accessed on 02/01/18, Available at:
- 2. Hunter, B. 2009, Indigenous social exclusion: Insights and challenges for the concept of social inclusion, Australian Institute of Family Studies, Family Matters