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Rich lesson and unit plans covering core learning areas from Foundation to Y10, researched and written to make your planning easier

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Comprehensive resources based on ACARA descriptions and elaborations to help you meet the cross-curriculum priorities

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NAIDOC Week 2021

Invite your students to 'Heal Country, heal our nation' in NAIDOC Week 2021. This comprehensive resource offers rich primary and secondary activities and respectful ways to celebrate as a school. Activities are organised by learning areas, covering HASS, English, visual arts, music, science and the environment, for Foundation to Year 10.
Teacher guide (1.8 MB)


Foundation HASS Science – Caring for Country: how Indigenous scientific observation and cultural practices support ecosystems

This unit explores the special, reciprocal relationship First Nations Peoples have with Country. It investigates how Indigenous scientific knowledge, gained through observation of the environment, has informed cultural and land management practices for millennia enabling the land, sea, plants, animals and humans to survive and thrive.
Teacher guide (3 MB)
PDF slideshow (7.6 MB)

Year 1

Y1 HASS Science – Observing and living with the seasons

This unit guides learners to explore seasons, both Western and Indigenous, through observation, community research, hands-on activities and critical thinking. Indigenous seasonal knowledge was essential in the past for living well, and remains important today in order to live with and look after Country for future generations.
Teacher guide (2.5 MB)
Student handout (1.9 MB)

Y1 Drama English HASS – First Nations societies before colonisation: Dreaming, living, using waterways

Dreaming is reflected in stories and beyond to give meaning to the world. Students work with Dreaming stories, including creating tableaux in a drama activity. Students find evidence of pre-colonisation engineering, aquaculture and trade economies to learn about First Nations practices and to reflect on sustainability for a shared future.
Teacher guide (2.4 MB)
Student handout (803 KB)

Year 2

Y2 English HASS – Exploring texts by Indigenous authors

Students explore connection to Country and place through Indigenous stories, including Dreaming stories and those by contemporary Indigenous authors. Students use stories to explore the language features of texts and oral storytelling.
Teacher guide (1.8 MB)
Student handout (909 KB)

Year 3

Y3 HASS & Art – Where we live: mapping Country

Students are guided to see the different ways maps can represent place and learn conventions of mapping, such as BOLTSS. They identify boundaries and territories of geographical and political regions and First Nations language groups. Through the Ngurrara Canvas and other art, students also explore ways First Nations people map Country.
Teacher guide (2.3 MB)

Year 4

Y4 Maths & HASS – Enough for me, enough for Country: sustainability using fractions and Indigenous lore

Students investigate fractions, mixed numbers and counting by halves and thirds. They develop geographical understandings about Indigenous custodial responsibility and sustainable resource use. This leads to reflection on our shared responsibility for the present and future and connects numeracy to human wellbeing.
Teacher guide (1.7 MB)
Student handout (926 KB)

Year 5

Y5 Science & HASS – Sustainable solutions: how Indigenous knowledge can lead to better land and water management in Australia

Students explore sustainable Indigenous resource management practices. Students engage with perspectives of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples about how relationship to Country shapes decision-making, and they examine a geographical site to show how the environment was altered to sustain ways of living.
Teacher guide (1.8 MB)
Student handout (1.9 MB)

Year 6

Y6 Science – Learning from Indigenous fire management practices

Students learn about Indigenous ecological knowledge and fire management practices. They investigate how Indigenous knowledge continues to be used today to look after plants, animals and the landscape; and how the science of reversible or irreversible change applies.
Teacher guide (1.8 MB)
Student handout (930 KB)

Year 7

Y7 Science – Biological sciences: Indigenous classification and understanding food webs

Students compare and contrast First Nations Peoples’ different approaches to classifying organisms and the Western scientific approach known as the Linnaean system. They explore how different classification systems might inform our knowledge of the ecological interactions between organisms, including food chains and food webs.
Teacher guide (5.5 MB)
Student handout (1.3 MB)

Y7 Geography – Geographical knowledge and understanding

Students explore the impacts of colonisation on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples’ access to water and basic details about water resource management. They engage with First Nations’ perspectives about the value and importance of water and examine local Indigenous cultures to understand the different meanings water holds.
ACARA code: ACHGK041
Teacher guide (2.3 MB)
Student handout (1.5 MB)

Year 8

Y8 Geography – Landforms and landscapes

Students investigate the significance of landscapes and landforms to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. Students explore the names and naming of landforms and the ways that mapping and geographic information systems (GIS) can be used to represent data.
ACARA code: ACHGK048
Teacher guide (851 KB)
Student handout (813 KB)

Y8 Economics and business – Economic reasoning, decision-making and application

Students explore an Indigenous business and analyse how it’s responded to an opportunity or issue. They apply a cost-benefit analysis to identify opportunities in the market and propose alternative ways to take advantage of these.
ACARA code: ACHES035
Teacher guide (864 KB)
Student handout (823 KB)

Year 9

Y9 Science – Protecting Australian ecosystems

In this biological science unit, students explore the relationship humans have with ecosystems, focusing on the ways First Nations people have used and continue to use scientific knowledge to maintain ecosystems. Students investigate the use of fire to regulate biotic and abiotic factors in ecosystems, and as a land management technique.
Teacher guide (4 MB)
Student handout (777 KB)

Year 10

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Y10 Science – How Indigenous ecological practices can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions

Students learn how traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of First Nations Peoples is passed on through generations, and how collaboration with governments on climate change can reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Students investigate the different fire management strategies and the reinstatement of TEK to protect Australian biodiversity.
Teacher guide (2.6 MB)
Student handout (1.3 MB)

Y10 Geography – Environmental change and management

This resource gives students an overview of environmental management in Australia, and the ways that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities are involved. Students are guided with ways to research the topic independently and recommended activities incorporate key geographic ideas.
ACARA code: ACHGK072
Teacher guide (844 KB)
Student handout (794 KB)