Our Curriculum resources help teachers embed Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspectives into teaching, learning and assessment materials.
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Australia Day Curriculum resource

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Year 4

Y4 English & HASS – Indigenous languages and Standard Australian English: influences and impacts

Students explore the diversity of Indigenous languages in Australia and how they’ve shaped the Standard Australian English used today. Students look at the historical context of European records of Indigenous languages, and consider how colonisation and the loss of Indigenous languages has impacted First Nations people and Country.

Y4 Maths & HASS – Enough for me enough for Country: sustainability using fractions and Indigenous lore

Students investigate fractions, mixed numbers and counting by halves and thirds. They develop geographical understandings about Indigenous custodial responsibility and sustainable resource use. This leads to reflection on our shared responsibility for the present and future and connects numeracy to human wellbeing.
Teacher guide (1.7 MB)
Student handout (926 KB)

Year 5

Y5 Mathematics – Using units of measurement

Students compare and convert between 12- and 24-hour time, in a context where they also learn that 12- and 24-hour time systems are one way, rather than the only way, of measuring time. Students learn how First Nations people in Australia have measured short-term time (daily time) and medium-term time (seasons) for thousands of years.

Y5 Science & HASS – Sustainable solutions: how Indigenous knowledge can lead to better land and water management in Australia

Students explore sustainable Indigenous resource management practices. Students engage with perspectives of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples about how relationship to Country shapes decision-making, and they examine a geographical site to show how the environment was altered to sustain ways of living.
Teacher guide (1.8 MB)
Student handout (1.9 MB)

Y5 Maths – Indigenous and non-Indigenous ways of mapping and navigating

Students use a grid reference system to describe locations, and use landmarks and directional language to describe routes. Students learn how First Nations people in Australia have designed sophisticated maps for thousands of years.
Teacher guide (1.7 MB)
Student handout (904 KB)

Year 6

Y6 English – Rich expression: bringing together Indigenous languages and Standard Australian English

English in Australia has many influences. The rich diversity of Indigenous languages have helped to develop different varieties of English and influence the vocabulary of Standard Australian English. By understanding these contributions we show respect for all languages in Australia and can describe and understand this land more fully.
Teacher guide (1.8 MB)
Student handout (990 KB)

Y6 Science – Learning from Indigenous fire management practices

Students learn about Indigenous ecological knowledge and fire management practices. They investigate how Indigenous knowledge continues to be used today to look after plants, animals and the landscape; and how the science of reversible or irreversible change applies.
Teacher guide (1.8 MB)
Student handout (928 KB)

Y6 Humanities and Social Sciences – History & Analysing

This resource combines ACHASSI126 and ACHASSK134. Students analyse sources to investigate Federation and the related stereotyping and over-generalisation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Students explore the Constitution, the lack of Indigenous voices in its development, and the ongoing fight for recognition.
ACARA code: ACHASSI126

Y6 Humanities and Social Sciences – History & Evaluating and Reflecting

This resource combines ACHASSI129 and ACHASSK137 for a blended civics/history activity. Students learn about the complex concept of native title, an important matter within many First Nations communities. They examine how negotiation is a key part of communities applying for native title.
ACARA code: ACHASSI129
Teacher guide (2.3 MB)
Student handout (1.5 MB)

Y6 Humanities and Social Sciences – History & Researching

This resource combines ACHASSI125 and ACHASSK135 to examine Indigenous resistance in Australian history, looking at the lack of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples’ rights and how this changed over time. History is broken up into eras, and short, relevant examples are given for students to explore under teacher direction.
ACARA code: ACHASSI125
Teacher guide (2.3 MB)
Student handout (1.5 MB)

Y6 Humanities and Social Sciences – History & Researching

This resource combines ACHASSK135 and ACHASSI125 to examine Indigenous resistance in Australian history, looking at the lack of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples’ rights and how this changed over time. History is broken up into eras, and short, relevant examples are given for students to explore under teacher direction.
ACARA code: ACHASSK135
Teacher guide (2.3 MB)
Student handout (1.5 MB)

Y6 Humanities and Social Sciences – History & Evaluating and Reflecting

This resource combines ACHASSK137 and ACHASSI129 for a blended civics/history activity. Students learn about the complex concept of native title, an important matter for many First Nations communities. They examine how negotiation is a key part of communities applying for native title.
ACARA code: ACHASSK137
Teacher guide (2.3 MB)
Student handout (1.5 MB)

Y6 Humanities and Social Sciences – Researching & Analysing

This resource combines ACHASSI128 and ACHASSI123. It‘s designed to show the effects of the past by examining contemporary statistics and data about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. Students research and analyse case studies where the past has influenced the present – language, population distribution and racism.
ACARA code: ACHASSI128
Teacher guide (2.3 MB)
Student handout (1.5 MB)

Y6 Humanities and Social Sciences – History & Researching

This resource combines ACHASSI128 and ACHASSI123. It‘s designed to show the effects of the past by examining contemporary statistics and data about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. Students research and analyse case studies where the past has influenced the present – language, population distribution and racism.
ACARA code: ACHASSI123
Teacher guide (2.3 MB)
Student handout (1.5 MB)

Y6 Mathematics - Geometric reasoning

Students gain a basic understanding of symmetry, lines of symmetry, transformations of rotation by multiples of ninety degrees, and reflection transformations by exploring these concepts in the context of storytelling and cultural symbols of First Nations Peoples. Students explore maths concepts in the context of daily life experiences.
ACARA code: ACMMG141
Teacher guide (2.3 MB)
Student handout (1.5 MB)

Y6 Humanities and Social Sciences – History & Analysing

This resource combines ACHASSK134 and ACHASSI126. Students analyse sources to investigate Federation and the related stereotyping and over-generalisation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Students explore the Constitution, the lack of Indigenous voices in its development, and the ongoing fight for recognition.
ACARA code: ACHASSK134
Teacher guide (2.3 MB)
Student handout (1.5 MB)

Year 7

Y7 English – Literature and context

Students explore the representation of Indigenous characters in texts from different historical, social and cultural contexts. They analyse stories and songs of challenge told by First Nations people to build knowledge about culture and literary heritage of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (also covers ACELT1622).
ACARA Code: ACELT1619
Teacher guide (2.3 MB)
Student handout (1.5 MB)

Y7 English – Examining literature

Students explore the representation of Indigenous characters in texts from different historical, social and cultural contexts. They analyse stories and songs of challenge told by First Nations people to build knowledge about culture and literary heritage of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (also covers ACELT1619).
ACARA Code: ACELT1622
Teacher guide (2.3 MB)
Student handout (1.5 MB)

Y7 Geography – Collecting, recording, evaluating and representing

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples hold knowledge of geological events that date back thousands of years. Ethical protocols for research in the field of geology recognise the value of Indigenous oral traditions that record details of meteorite craters, volcanoes and rising sea levels.
ACARA code: ACHGS048

Y7 Geography – Geographical knowledge and understanding

Students explore the impacts of colonisation on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples’ access to water and basic details about water resource management. They engage with First Nations’ perspectives about the value and importance of water and examine local Indigenous cultures to understand the different meanings water holds.
ACARA code: ACHGK041
Teacher guide (2.3 MB)
Student handout (1.5 MB)

Y7 Civics and Citizenship – Citizenship, diversity and identity

For Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, cultural identity is key to wellbeing. Students will explore their own identity and culture to build empathy and understanding of ways that colonisation has affected First Nations People’s identities. They will also explore what’s being done to support and revive Indigenous cultures​​.
ACARA code: ACHCK053
Teacher guide (2.3 MB)
Student handout (1.5 MB)

Y7 History – Investigating the ancient past

Students are introduced to Australia's ancient past, and the ways it’s been analysed by European researchers. They engage with some of the issues caused by previous approaches to First Nations communities, and they examine the basics of heritage legislation and the way heritage status is determined for cultural sites.
ACARA code: ACDSEH148
Teacher guide (2.3 MB)
Student handout (1.5 MB)

Y7 History – Analysis and use of sources

Students examine conundrums that exist within the field of ancient history. They learn Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples’ perspectives on these matters and use the example of the (so-called) Bradshaw rock paintings to understand how theories are made about the ancient past. They examine the ancient history of their own area.
ACARA code: ACHHS209
Teacher guide (2.3 MB)
Student handout (1.5 MB)

Year 8

Y8 Geography – Landforms and landscapes

Students investigate the significance of landscapes and landforms to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. Students explore the names and naming of landforms and the ways that mapping and geographic information systems (GIS) can be used to represent data.
ACARA code: ACHGK048

Y8 English – Literature and context

Students learn how culture influences the way we write, and our perception of texts as readers/viewers/listeners. The history of the Indigenous relationship with written culture is examined. European and Indigenous concepts of land and Country are explained and compared. Students use this information to then analyse Indigenous texts.
ACARA code: ACELT1806
Teacher guide (837 KB)
Student handout (817 KB)

Y8 Civics and Citizenship – Laws and citizens

This unit gives students an introduction to Indigenous customary laws. They learn that customary law has a completely different basis when compared to the European system of laws, as it forms part of cultural knowledge and Dreaming.
ACARA code: ACHCK064
Teacher guide (837 KB)
Student handout (803 KB)

Y8 Civics and Citizenship – Citizenship, diversity and identity

Students explore the contradictions in the traditional Australian ‘national identity’, particularly the idea of ‘fair go’ when considered alongside Indigenous dispossession. Students consider how, in recent years, reconciliation has influenced the inclusion of First Nations people as part of a ‘national identity’.
ACARA code: ACHCK066
Teacher guide (837 KB)
Student handout (812 KB)

Y8 Civics and Citizenship – Questioning and research

Students are introduced to main elements of the current debate about the appropriateness of a national celebration on the anniversary of the first Aboriginal dispossession. They become familiar with the perspectives of five prominent Aboriginal women on the issue and investigate their views and backgrounds in further detail.
ACARA code: ACHCS069
Teacher guide (846 KB)
Student handout (801 KB)

Y8 Economics and business – Economic reasoning, decision-making and application

Students explore an Indigenous business and analyse how it’s responded to an opportunity or issue. They apply a cost-benefit analysis to identify opportunities in the market and propose alternative ways to take advantage of these.
ACARA code: ACHES035
Teacher guide (864 KB)
Student handout (823 KB)

Y8 Geography – Landforms and landscapes

Students will develop an understanding of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples’ diverse connections to and knowledge of Australia’s landscapes and landforms. Students will also explore the role Songlines play in knowing the land, and research Indigenous land-management techniques. Resource combines ACHGK049 & ACHGK052.
ACARA code: ACHGK049
Teacher guide (872 KB)
Student handout (810 KB)

Y8 Geography – Landforms and landscapes

Students will develop an understanding of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples’ diverse connections to and knowledge of Australia’s landscapes and landforms. Students will also explore the role Songlines play in knowing the land, and research Indigenous land-management techniques. Resource combines ACHGK049 & ACHGK052.
ACARA code: ACHGK052
Teacher guide (872 KB)
Student handout (810 KB)

Y8 Geography – Landforms and landscapes

Using Uluru as a case study, students research different ways a landscape or landform, especially one with cultural significance, can be impacted by human actions, such as vandalism, tourism or pollution. They examine the effect that the degradation, both physical and spiritual, of a cultural heritage site has on First Nations people.
ACARA code: ACHGK051
Teacher guide (915 KB)
Student handout (854 KB)

Y8 Geography – Collecting, recording, evaluating and representing

This resource provides a context to protocols and ethical guidelines about Indigenous culture, knowledge and language. In an examination of past research practices, students will see that ideas about what constitutes good research has changed over time. Case studies of specific artefacts and their return to communities will be examined.
ACARA code: ACHGS056
Teacher guide (825 KB)
Student handout (800 KB)

Y8 Geography – Interpreting, analysing and concluding

This resource gives students an overview of how diverse Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities used spatial strategies and positional navigation to map and navigate the land of Australia prior to and following colonisation.
ACARA code: ACHGS059
Teacher guide (853 KB)
Student handout (808 KB)

Y8 Economics and Business – Knowledge and understanding

This resource explores traditional Indigenous trade practices, current practices in cultural tourism and barriers to Indigenous business ownership. Students will read about historical Indigenous trade routes, the items traded and cultural reasons for trade. Activities cover cultural tourism and a report on an Indigenous business.
ACARA code: ACHEK028
Teacher guide (878 KB)
Student handout (829 KB)

Y8 Geography – Changing nations

Students learn key factors influencing Indigenous population mobility. Students understand the historical context. They’re encouraged to listen to First Nations people about population mobility and examine topical issues such as the BasicsCard and inner-city gentrification.
ACARA code: ACHGK056
Teacher guide (836 KB)
Student handout (808 KB)

Y8 Geography – Collecting, recording, evaluating and representing

This is a short resource on constructing a statistical map showing the distribution of Indigenous populations. Students are given background information on how and why First Nations people have historically been moved and displaced. This unit is complemented by the Australians Together resource for ACHGK056.
ACARA code: ACHGS058
Teacher guide (835 KB)
Student handout (808 KB)

Year 9

Y9 English – Literature and context

Students explore how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have traditionally been represented in literature in Australia. They examine stereotypes of people and misrepresentations of culture. Students then explore texts by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander authors.
ACARA code: ACELT1633

Y9 History – Making a nation

Students examine reasons leading to the Frontier Wars between Europeans and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. They understand how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and culture were affected and disrupted by the invasion of Europeans on their lands, and the ongoing impacts.
ACARA code: ACDSEH020
Teacher guide (828 KB)
Student handout (787 KB)

Y9 History – Movement of peoples (1750-1901)

Students examine the different ways that Aboriginal communities and their cultures were affected and disrupted by the invasion of Europeans on their land. They understand the issues that caused the Frontier Wars. Students gain understanding and empathy about the ongoing effects of colonisation today.
ACARA Code: ACDSEH084
Teacher guide (831 KB)
Student handout (787 KB)

Y9 Geography – Collecting, recording, evaluating and representing

This topic discusses ethical research methods and the use of protocols developed by and with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander groups. Indigenous perspectives critical of research by outsiders are contextualised with a historical overview of the field of anthropology.
ACARA code: ACHGS064
Teacher guide (819 KB)
Student handout (787 KB)

Y9 English – Texts in context

Students engage in their own analysis of how mainstream media outlets report on events relating to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. They examine stereotypes, racism and prejudice, and consider how readers’ perceptions of different groups might be shaped by approaches to reporting.
ACARA code: ACELY1739
Teacher guide (823 KB)
Student handout (784 KB)

Y9 History – Chronology, terms and concepts

Using the case study of Australia Day students learn about academic history debates. They understand that history comprises several narratives that often conflict with one another. They explore links between history and national identity, and the reasons for the contested nature of the terms ‘settlement’ and ‘invasion’.
ACARA code : ACHHS165
Teacher guide (822 KB)
Student handout (789 KB)

Y9 Geography – Biomes and food security

This topic examines the significant disruption to Australian biomes by European colonisation. Native flora and fauna have struggled to compete with introduced species. Alterations in diet have negatively impacted many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Students suggest ways native food sources can be developed and promoted.
ACARA code: ACHGK063
Teacher guide (823 KB)
Student handout (787 KB)

Year 10

Y10 History – Rights and freedoms (1945 – the present)

This unit outlines the historical context of the 1967 Referendum and the aims, tactics and outcomes of the ‘yes’ campaign groups. Students are asked to evaluate campaign material and research the circumstances of the Referendum in their specific state or territory. They evaluate the Referendum’s limitations in its aftermath.
ACARA code: ACDSEH106

Y10 History – Rights and freedoms (1945 – the present)

Students learn about the Freedom Ride from the voice of its main Aboriginal participant, organiser and spokesperson, Charles Perkins. They learn about the experiences that shaped Perkins’ involvement, and consider the legacy of the Freedom Ride. This unit complements two other Australians Together resources on the Freedom Ride.
ACARA code: ACDSEH134
Teacher guide (840 KB)
Student handout (771 KB)

Y10 History – Rights and freedoms (1945 – the present)

This unit gives students an understanding of Indigenous peoples around the world. They learn about the introduction of the Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and then conduct a detailed examination of the contemporary issue of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander child removals, including current strategies for reduction.
ACARA code: ACDSEH143
Teacher guide (835 KB)
Student handout (777 KB)

Y10 History – Rights and freedoms (1945 – the present)

Students gain a comprehensive understanding of the Stolen Generations through the specific experiences of individual survivors. They examine policy and practice in their own state and explore and consider Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people’s perspectives and ongoing criticisms of child removal policies.
ACARA code: ACDSEH104
Teacher guide (835 KB)
Student handout (774 KB)

Y10 History – Chronology, terms and concepts

This unit complements two other Australians Together resources on the Freedom Ride. The events surrounding the US and Australian Freedom Rides are listed on comparable timelines and students draw conclusions and make comparisons. They can create their own timeline from research of the itinerary of the Australian Freedom Ride.
ACARA code: ACHHS182
Teacher guide (831 KB)
Student handout (780 KB)

Y10 History – Analysis and use of sources

This unit uses the Bringing them home report and resultant public debates as a case study for examining how history can be constructed and understood. Students become aware of how academic history debates influence wider society. They realise there are many ways of understanding the past, depending on selection of facts or evidence.
ACARA code: ACHHS187
Teacher guide (838 KB)
Student handout (788 KB)

Y10 History – Overview of the modern world and Australia

This unit contains an overview of how the global system of European empires eventuated, and the decolonisation movements that existed during them. Students understand how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are part of a global community of colonised peoples who share similar experiences.
ACARA code: ACOKFH022
Teacher guide (826 KB)
Student handout (768 KB)

Y10 Geography – Environmental change and management

This resource gives students an overview of environmental management in Australia, and the ways that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities are involved. Students are guided with ways to research the topic independently and recommended activities incorporate key geographic ideas.
ACARA code: ACHGK072
Teacher guide (844 KB)
Student handout (794 KB)

Y10 Geography – Interpreting, analysing and concluding

Students examine ways in which contemporary technologies such as geographic information systems (GIS) are providing support to Indigenous communities to sustainably manage and benefit from their lands. Students are encouraged to explore further examples of the use of GIS by Indigenous communities.
ACARA code: ACHGS078
Teacher guide (845 KB)
Student handout (785 KB)

Y10 Geography – Geographies of human wellbeing

In this resource, students are led on a thorough examination of the concept of wellbeing as a way of measuring the state of a community. They understand how factors influencing wellbeing may differ between individuals and communities. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people's concepts of wellbeing are explained.
ACARA code: ACHGK080
Teacher guide (850 KB)
Student handout (797 KB)

Y10 Geography – Geographies of human wellbeing

Students are given the history and context of current wellbeing policies for remote Indigenous communities. With this knowledge, they research ways in which Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are proposing and implementing improvements that lead to improved health and social wellbeing.
ACARA code: ACHGK081
Teacher guide (839 KB)
Student handout (782 KB)

Y10 Geography – Collecting, recording, evaluating and representing

Qualitative and quantitative data are outlined, and students get an overview of how approaches to researching Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and communities have changed over the past few decades. Students investigate the emergence of Indigenous-controlled research, guidelines and protocols.
ACARA code: ACHGS073
Teacher guide (834 KB)
Student handout (782 KB)

Y10 Mathematics – Statistics and probability

Students understand how historical experiences can result in noticeable differences in statistical reports. They’re given an activity to work with ‘box plots’, and an explanation for why age distribution data is valuable. Raw population data for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is provided for activities.
ACARA code: ACMSP249
Teacher guide (830 KB)
Student handout (783 KB)

Y10 Mathematics – Statistics and probability

Students are given a clear outline of how and why life expectancy estimates are created by governments and other agencies. Historical reasons for why life expectancy estimates differ for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population are explained. Various activities are suggested to examine and analyse statistical reports.
ACARA code: ACMSP253
Teacher guide (831 KB)
Student handout (776 KB)

Y10 English – Texts in context

Students understand key differences between mainstream commercial media and Indigenous-controlled media. They learn about how and why regulations and codes of practice governing the mention of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in media reports have come about. Ideas for critical analysis are given.
ACARA code: ACELY1749
Teacher guide (836 KB)
Student handout (790 KB)

Y10 Civics and Citizenship – Laws and citizens

Students gain a detailed understanding of the role of the High Court in deciding in favour of native title. The student handout includes a historical overview including Eddie Koiki Mabo’s achievements. Students explore the aftermath of the decision and are encouraged to research the practical application of native title locally.
ACARA code: ACHCK092
Teacher guide (840 KB)
Student handout (781 KB)

Y10 Civics and Citizenship – Laws and citizens

This unit gives students an overview of how United Nations international conventions and declarations are connected to Australian Government policies relating to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. Students learn how recognition of these conventions has increased over time.
ACARA code: ACHCK093
Teacher guide (840 KB)
Student handout (788 KB)

Y10 History – Rights and freedoms (1945 – the present)

This unit complements two other Australians Together resources on the Freedom Ride. It introduces the broad historical context and origins of racism and discrimination in the United States of America and Australia. Students understand the patterns and how the recognition of shared experiences led to the 1965 Australian Freedom Ride.
ACARA code: ACDSEH105
Teacher guide (827 KB)
Student handout (774 KB)